Wednesday, September 2, 2020

Anishinabi Clan System Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Anishinabi Clan System - Essay Example These individuals are additionally interrelated with an assistance of any sort of family relationship †inside or outside. In certain societies the delegates of the faction ought to be the family members, they talk about the nearby and far, inward and outside connections, among their relatives the agent of the tribe under the investigation will specify all the known family members; in this framework every individual had a particular name like the kin of same sexual orientation was named niikaanis. Along these lines, we can say that the group framework isn't a spic and span thing in our reality, however the faction arrangement of Anishinabi is extremely impossible to miss. During our classes we examined the social, strict and authentic highlights of the American group framework. Along these lines, let’s investigate the characteristics of the Anishinabi family. The historical backdrop of our general public knows a great deal of instances of the people’s associations, one of which is the group framework. There isn't a lot of data about the Anishinabis, yet we can discover enough to examine their tribe framework. This is the gathering of individuals that lives in the North America. It was one of numerous Algonquian-talking bunches that occupied this piece of the mainland now it is the last one that remained. The local occupants used to consider this land the Turtle Island and made their fantasies around their local land. These individuals protect their way of life and conventions with an assistance of between ancestral relationships and relations. The Anishinaabe tribe fuses the Odawa, Ojibwa, and Algonquin individuals, who possess the terrains of the cutting edge Ontario state. They are connected by their customs and language. Forthright, we like wise need to make reference to that the entire family was, and still is, separated into five principle bunches named: the Bimaawidaasi, the Giishkizhigwan, the Nooke, the Baswenaazhi lastly the Bemaangik. Initially the entire country was partitioned into alleged odoodeman which rises to the cutting edge comprehension of tribes and gatherings. Each gathering had its own ruler who was moreover

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Organ Transplants Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Organ Transplants - Research Paper Example This circumstance has been turned around with the proceeded with training of expelling such bombed organ and looking for elective useful ones from different life forms to spare the life of the person in question. In any case, various issues have been springing up in regard of this activity which calls for additional examination work to guarantee its manageability. Top in this rundown is the science behind the accomplishment of a transplant endeavor. For a beneficiary body tissues and the whole framework to acknowledge the remote organ, there must be similarity as far as the necessary blood bunches as this is a central reason for guaranteeing the wellbeing of the beneficiary significantly after the technique (Klein , Lewis and Madsen, 2011). By and large there will in general be similarity among relatives and for the situation this is preposterous, an outsider’s organ can be tried in the event that it can coordinate and if the outcome is sure the gift system should be possible and ensuing transplant. Amazing logical research has been attempted to the degree that contradiction between the contributor and beneficiary can be settled through clinical solution. In this situation, the beneficiary is directed with an uncommon treatment that will forestall the body tissues from dismissing the join. All things considered, there are conditions that have consistently precluded any conceivable organ transplant. Such conditions involves a quick spreading malignant growth on a benefactor, HIV/AIDS contaminated individual. For a dead giver, careful clinical tests need likewise to be taken to kill any conceivable wellbeing hazard on beneficiary. After the clinical evaluations, just living and non-absconded organs might be expelled for gift from the perished benefactor. This additionally implies a dead contributor can give many... This paper makes an end that body organs can experience a few imperfections that are irreversible and the main arrangement is trading them for the casualty to endure. This is a typical case in mishaps, organ disappointments and hereditarily related deformities. It worth to note in this manner this has become the most recent generally utilized clinical solution for improve the exhibition of the body and spare many imperiled lives over the globe. One of the rising difficulties in this application is the exponential populace development that has been heaping pressure on the in any case rare assets. The creator of the paper talks that the quantity of talented specialists is as yet not many to coordinate the expanding number of patients confronting such ailments. Furthermore, the quantity of givers is consistently reducing as the populace size of beneficiaries continue flooding and this a matter of extraordinary worldwide concern. A portion of the reasons that clarify the evaporating cont ributor numbers are the rising diseases that similarly influence the productivity of the substitute organs in living benefactors and destructive cells in the bony givers. A few patients are likewise moderately poor to bear the cost of the expense of repaying the contributor, operational expenses and the treatment that characterize the whole method. This paper affirms that worldwide measurements on organ transplant shows a positive outcome on the results. This calls for expanded wellbeing advancement by the medical caretakers, network wellbeing laborers and different partners to keep sparing lives. Additional subsidizing by the administrations likewise should be anticipated towards innovative work to create choices.

Friday, August 21, 2020

Custer free essay sample

# 8217 ; s Last Stand Essay, Research Paper Custer # 8217 ; s last base Five springs prior I, with numerous Sioux Indians, brought down and got together our lean-to and moved from Cheyenne stream to the Rosebud waterway, where we stayed outdoors a couple yearss ; so brought down and got together our Lodges and moved to the Little Bighorn waterway and pitched our Lodges with the large cantonment of Sioux. The Sioux were stayed outdoors on the Little Bighorn waterway as follows: The Lodges of the Uncpapas were pitched most noteworthy up the stream under a feign. The Eastern sioux Lodges were pitched after. The Oglala # 8217 ; s Lodges were pitched after. The Brule Lodges were pitched after. The Minneconjou Lodges were pitched after. The Sans Arcs # 8217 ; Lodges were pitched after. The Blackfeet Lodges were pitched after. The Cheyenne Lodges were pitched after. A couple of Arikara Indians were among the Sioux ( being without Lodges of their ain ) . Two-Kettles, among the other Sioux ( without Lodges ) . I was a Sioux head in the board Lodge. My Lodge was contributed the focal point of the cantonment. The twenty-four hours of the assault I and four grown-up females were a short good ways from the cantonment digging wild Brassica rapas. Unexpectedly one of the grown-up females pulled in my taking care of a dust storm lifting a short good ways from cantonment. I without further ado saw that the troopers were bear bringing down the cantonment. To the cantonment I and the grown-up females ran. At the point when I showed up an individual instructed me to head out quickly to the chamber Lodge. The troopers charged so quickly we could non talk ( gathering ) . We came out of the board Lodge and talked in all waies. The Sioux saddle horse Equus caballuss, take weapons, and travel battle the officers. Womans and children mount Equus caballuss and travel, proposing to procure out of the way. Among the troopers was an official who rode an Equus caballus with four white pess. [ This official was clearly Capt. Gallic, Seventh Cavalry. ] The Sioux have for a long clasp battled many valiant work powers of various individuals, however the Sioux state this official was the most daring grown-up male they had ever battled. I wear # 8217 ; t cognize whether this was Gen. Custer or non. A significant number of the Sioux work powers that I hear talking reveal to me it was. I saw this official in the fight commonly, yet did non see his natural structure. It has been revealed to me that he was slaughtered by a Santee Indian, who took his Equus caballus. This official wore an enormous overflowed chapeau and a deerskin coat. This official spared the lives of numerous warriors by turning his Equus caballus and covering the retreat. Sioux state this official was the most valiant grown-up male they ever battled. I saw two officials looking in like manner, both holding long xanthous hair. Before the assault the Sioux were stayed outdoors on the Rosebud waterway. Sioux descended a waterway ru nning into the Little Bighorn stream, crossed the Little Bighorn waterway, and stayed outdoors on its west bank. This twenty-four hours [ twenty-four hours of invasion ] a Sioux grown-up male began to head out to Red Cloud authority, yet when he had gone a short good ways from cantonment he saw a dust storm rise and turned around and said he thought a crowd of American buffalo was drawing close to the humble community. The twenty-four hours was hot. In a short clasp the troopers charged the cantonment. [ This was Maj. Reno s legion of the Seventh Cavalry. ] The fighters went ahead the path made by the Sioux cantonment in voyaging, and crossed the Little Bighorn stream above where the Sioux crossed, and assaulted the Lodges of the Uncpapas, most remote up the waterway. The grown-up females and children ran down the Small Bighorn waterway a short separation into a gorge. The officers put a match to the Lodges. All the Sioux presently charged the warriors and drove them in disarray ove r the Little Bighorn stream, which was extremely fast, and a few troopers were suffocated in it. On a slope the fighters halted and the Sioux encompassed them. A Sioux grown-up male came and said that an alternate gathering of Soldiers had all the grown-up females and children prisoners. Like a hurricane the word went around, and the Sioux all heard it and left the warriors on the slope and went quickly to rescue the grown-up females and children. From the slope that the officers were on to the topographic point where the various warriors [ by this term Red-Horse ever implies the regiment in a flash told by General Custer, his way of separation being that they were an alternate natural structure from that initially experienced ] were seen was level land with the prohibition of a stream. Sioux thought the troopers on the slope [ for example , Reno s force ] would weigh down them in back, however when they did non the Sioux thought the warriors on the slope were out of cartridges. Similarly in the blink of an eye as we had slaughtered all the various troopers the Sioux all returned to execute the warriors on the slope. All the Sioux viewed around the slope on which were the officers until a Sioux grown-up male came and said many strolling fighters were coming near. The happening to the strolling fighters was the economy of the warriors on the slope. Sioux can non battle the strolling warriors [ foot ] , fearing them, so the Sioux quickly left. The figh ters charged the Sioux cantonment about late morning. The troopers were separated, one gathering bear bringing down directly into the cantonment. In the wake of driving these officers over the stream, the Sioux charged the various warriors [ for example , Custer s ] underneath, and drive them in disarray ; these fighters got absurd, many discarding their weapons and raising their guardianships, expressing, â€Å"Sioux, sympathizing us ; take us prisoners.† The Sioux did non kidnap an individual warrior, yet executed every one of them ; none were left alive for even a couple proceedingss. These various warriors released their firearms yet little. I took a firearm and two belts off two dead warriors ; out of one belt two cartridges were gone, out of the other five. The Sioux took the weapons and cartridges off the dead troopers and went to the slope on which the fighters were, encompassed and battled them with the firearms and cartridges of the dead officers. Had the troopers n on isolated I figure they would hold slaughtered numerous Sioux. The various troopers [ for example , Custer s brigade ] that the Sioux murdered made five valiant bases. When the Sioux charged right in the main part of the various fighters and dispersed them all, battling among the troopers manus to manus. One lot of fighters was in back of the Sioux. At the point when this arrangement of warriors charged, the Sioux fell back, and the Sioux and the troopers stood going up against one another. At that point all the Sioux became gallant and charged the fighters. The Sioux went yet a short separation before they isolated and encompassed the troopers. I could see the officials siting in forepart of the warriors and hear them hiting. Presently the Sioux had many executed. The officers slaughtered 136 and injured 160 Sioux. The Sioux executed all these various warriors in the gorge. The officers charged the Sioux cantonment most remote up the waterway. A short clasp after the various warr iors charged the modest community underneath. While the various troopers and Sioux were fighting together the Sioux head stated, â€Å"Sioux work powers, go watch officers on the slope and thwart their fall ining the diverse soldiers.† The Sioux work powers took the vesture off the dead and appareled themselves in it. Among the warriors were white work powers who were non fighters. The Sioux wearing the soldiers’ and white men’s vesture battled the officers on the slope. The Bankss of the Little Bighorn stream were high, and the Sioux murdered huge numbers of the fighters while crossing. The officers on the slope uncovered the land [ for example , made earth-works ] , and the troopers and Sioux battled at long degree, here and there the Sioux bear bringing down close up. The fight proceeded at long extension until a Sioux grown-up male saw the strolling warriors coming. At the point when the strolling troopers drew close to the Sioux got apprehensive and ran off . List of sources An Eyewitness Account by the Lakota Chief Red Horse recorded in pictographs and content at the Cheyenne River Reservation, 1881Bibliography Nancy Warren ferrel, reference book britannica

Friday, June 5, 2020

A Consultancy Report on The United Kingdom Airline Industry - Free Essay Example

A Consultancy Report on The United Kingdom Airline Industry Introduction †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ 2 The Discount/ No-frills Airline Industry in Europe †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. 4 EasyJet †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. 5 Crowded Market †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. 6 PESTLE Analysis †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. 8 Five Forces Model †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ 11 Conclusion †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ 12 Appendix †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. 14 Bibliography .†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.†¦.†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. 15 Introduction The airli ne industry in the United Kingdom has undergone dramatic change as a result of the deregulation of the industry by the European Union’s Article 10 of the Treaty of Rome that set in motion measures to promote international trade as well as the removal of varied restrictions (AirlinesGate, 2006). The airline industry in Europe traditionally was highly regulated in terms of national quotas regarding flight capacity as well as fixed prices. The liberalization measures introduced starting in 1987 paved the way for cost related pricing on fares as well as certain discount fare types which were permitted in consort with negotiated pricing. The third round of liberalization introduced in 1993 and later expanded upon in 1997 permitted airlines in the European Union access to other markets and thus they could establish their operations in any Member State under harmonized rules. This round also allowed the airlines to determine their own fare structures that were subject to predatory p ricing safeguards (AirlinesGate, 2006). The foregoing set the stage for the entrance of discount / no-frills airlines which changed the face of the industry in the region. This report will address the discount/no-frills segment of the industry in particular as well as critical key strategic issues that face EasyJet and why such are the case. It shall also address critical success factors for airlines operating within this segment of the industry and those carriers as well as alliances that could potentially be successful as well as unsuccessful. The highly competitive state of the industry means that EasyJet will have to be aware of key strategic options to see it through the competitive state of the industry over the next five years and beyond. The discount / no-frills or ‘low-cost carrier or airline’ is a concept that originated in the United States as introduced by Pacific Southwest Airlines in 1949 (Wikipedia, 2006). Due to the limited operation and success of this carrier within that period, the implications of its innovative concept, discount pricing through a elimination of extras provided by the airline in-flight, was made globally popular by Southwest Airlines which began operations in 1971 and has derived a profit in every year of its existence. The business model for the discount, no-frills, carrier follows a simple yet effective concept (Britt et al, 2002): singular type of class for all passengers, utilization of one type of airframe model to standardized maintenance costs in ground services, parts inventory and procedures utilized by maintenance and other personnel, utilization of a yield management fare system that rewards passengers for early reservations, non-reserved seating, flights typically booked into secondary airports thus lowering landing fees as well as the potential for air traffic delays, short – fast turnaround flights to increase plane utilization, destination to destination flight routes which further enhances plane utilization and turnaround times, utilization of a direct method of selling tickets to avoid commissions and intermediates via promoting use of Internet bookings, dual role utilization of employees who perform multiple functions to reduce staff redundancies and eliminate unnecessary costs, and the elimination of in-flight catering services for an optional paid food and drink method These general parameters result in cost reduction and operational modes that enable discount airlines to drastically reduce fares, which has caught on with that segment of the public looking to travel minimizing costs. The threat of the ‘discount / no-frills’ airline to the traditional full service carriers lies in price, which the full service airlines are unable to compete on. The Discount/ No-frills Airline Industry in Europe Airline deregulation in the European community as evidenced by the passage of the third round of liberalization in 1993, which was further amended in 1997. The preceding set in motion the foundation as well as framework whereby the discount/no-frills segment could enter the market. That environment has been a boon to passengers as well as new airlines that have entered the industry, however as with all new service innovations the initial purity of the concept later gives way to nuance and side developments that further refine the segment introducing variables upon the original theme. Key strategic aspects that face the discount/no-fills carriers are: The continued entrance of new competition as well as consolidation and merger. More full service carriers forced to enter the segment with their own discount lines. Fragmentation of the discount / no-frills concept as evidenced by EasyJet’s primary airport concept as well as business and leisure class focus. The introduction of more limited services creating a semi service discount / no-frills segment as already introduced by free drink offers and memberships that provide for varied food offerings. Additional service introductions thus creating a semi luxury discount segment somewhere in between full service and no-frills. The preceding are strategic considerations that are an outgrowth of any successful industry segment as it seeks to continued growth as well as differentiation among competitors. Present discount/no-fills airlines must add additional aspects as pricing variables are already close, and the introduction of discount segment operations from full service carriers is creating further pressures in this regard as these full service spin offs already have the parent organization’s in-flight catering systems to draw from in the future. EasyJet The development of ticketing and reservation systems on the Internet has been the underpinning that has helped to launch the discount / no-fills airlines into their relative competitive position as consumers can check across many flight and airline schedule to select the lowest fare. A survey conducted by AvantGo (2003) indicated that sixty-two percent of those questioned indicated that price is the most important determining factor in sele cting an airline and that for personal travel seventy-four percent booked online. This foundational underpinning has been the basis for the phenomenal growth in the industry. The discount / no-frills airline industry in Europe is dominated by Ireland based RyanAir and EasyJet. The differences in EasyJet’s business model from its main competitor, RyanAir, is that EasyJet (EasyJet PLC, 2000): Flies primarily to leading airports, which also differs from the standard ‘discount / no-frills’ business model. RyanAir flies primarily to the standard discount / no-fills secondary airport destinations to keep costs low (Edgaronline, 2006). EasyJet place more emphasis on the attraction of business as well as leisure travelers, utilizing however it utilizes the same single class cabin concept as the discount / no-fills business model (EasyJet PLC, 2000). As a result of the EasyJet’s utilization of primary airport destinations, its fares are higher than RyanAir, and its on-time punctuality rating is lower. The debate over which airline is number one is a result of EasyJet having a higher turnover, and RyanAir flying more passengers. Crowded Market The discount / no-frills airline industry in Europe also consists of 54 low cost competitors in this segment with new carriers entering all the time (, 2006). The estimates of the industry in terms of passenger growth have predications indicating that it will rise from the 20 million passengers carried in 2002 to 125 million in 2015 (Britt et al, 2002). With so many carriers, consolidation and mergers are inevitable. Key alliances will have to be made in the future as a result of the competitive state of the industry even with the projected high growth rate projected into 2010. EasyJet has already proceeded to (EasyJet PLC, 2004): expand its fleet of aircraft adding airframes, Boeing 737, that offer increased operating efficiencies and economies of scale to enable the company to operate along a broader route structure, it operates out of Luton utilizing a minimized staff to conserve on operating costs, the maintenance aspects has been contracted to third parties in a cost saving measure, The expansion into Switzerland and its alliance with TEA as well as deals with Geneva airport are strategic variables the company has pursued that is helping to secure its future position in the industry segment EasyJet will have to forge additional airport alliances in the future as well as eventually enter into a hub concept due to the broad destination base and its upper scale discount leisure and business class travelers in response to future competition. Critical success factors for any operator in the discount sector will be; The continued attraction of new customers as well as broadening the appeal to increased segments of the traveling public. EasyJet will undoubtedly increase its emphasis on the general travel segment while continuing to be the leader in discount business and leisure travel customers. Its secondary and primary airport structure puts it in the position to carry out this dual role over the next five years. Economical internal operations are a continued must in this segment as well as a larger fleet of airframes that are fuel-efficient to expand route and destination variables. EasyJet has made steps in this direction and must continue to do so into the future as well as innovate technological advantages in ticketing, Internet promotion and other areas. Increasingly, service is going to become another important aspect of this market segment as the appeal of simply low fares wares off the traveling public. EasyJet will have to keep pace with as well as innovate ahead of competitors where it can to provide increased service levels as public demand increases in this regard. Fleet financing is critical to maintaining newer aircraft that operate on lower fuel and maintenance costs thus keeping operational costs low. This is a critical component for all carriers in this segment and a situation that EasyJet will need to address. The industry is moving toward more destinations and thus fragmentation will not serve the newer entrants unless they create either alliances, or merge with competitors. EasyJet and RyanAir already have the size and muscle to continue on their own, however, increased inroads by full service carriers with discount operations will make their future tasks more difficult. EasyJet will need to seek alliances as well as mergers with small niche operators to enlarge its route structure in a cost saving manner, as well as expand to transatlantic routes to permit it to keep attracting larger population segments and stay in advance of developments in this direction already in progress. RyanAir, KLM, and British Airways, are future threats as a result of their size, reputations and standings within the industry. Increasingly, other carriers could enter this sphere as a result of profitable operations thus representing additional threats to EasyJet’s position. Management will need to seek new routes, expanded operations to other travel theaters, such as the United States as well as Asia and the Far East to keep in front of developments that are sure to take place. In addition a merger or alliance with another carriers is a definitive potential that will aid in faster expansion and addition routes to add customer appeal. PESTLE Analysis EasyJet competitive operating environment represents one of the most competitive as well as cost intensive industry segments. The following PESTLE (Renewal Associates, 2004) analysis will identify the climate the company operates in and is further explained in the Appendix: Political The European Unions deregulation has already set in force the political ramifications in the industry which barring unforeseen developments should remain as is. Economic The discount/no-frills airline segment is perfectly positioned for economic vicissitudes in that downturns play into its low cost price conscious strategy. This downside variable is a major reason for the business side appeal the segment enjoys as evidenced by the many new entrants. KLM introduced Buzz and British Airways has introduced Go Fly in response to the foregoing, and they are joined by United Airlines Ted, Qantas Airlines Jetstar and numerous other examples in the United States, Canada and Asia. Social There is no social stigma attached to utilizing a discount / no-frill airline. The segment of the market that utilizes these services can justify it in terms of savings, convenience, short haul preference or any number of rationales. The upscale image of full service airlines represents a price that other consumer elect to pay for the service they either like or expect, as well as the associated conveniences. Full service also appeals to upper income demographics as well as certain corporate customers who have a so-called image to protect or maintain. Technological Further advances in air frame fuel economies, seating capacities, Internet software and interactive web sites will add to the inbred appeal and foundations driving this industry helping to service the projected increases of passenger traffic to the forecasted 125 million in 2015. Legal The EU’s regulatory framework establishes a clear operating parameter whereby legal issues are clearly understood and as such can be avoided. Environmental Fuel efficiency will continue to be an issue for the industry as will crowded skies and airport congestion in the future. EasyJet will need to acquire the right airframes for the differing airport and route structures it will continually evolve into as a result of competitive pressure to expand. The preceding factors help to set and identify the climate, as well as external factors of the environment in which EasyJet operates (Renewal Associates, 2004). This helps the company to formulate its overall strategy as well as the varied strategic decisions in crafting marketing and operational plans that (Renewal Associates, 2004): Matches the activities of the company to its operating environment, The varied goals, values and expectations which thus will and does influence those strategies, Helps to identify the range of the activities of the company to aid in determining what it should as well as should not do, Aids in the matching of the company’s activities to fit its resources, and allocate those resources to achieve the most effectiveness, Helps to determine the direction that the company will move in over the long term, and Indicates the potentials as well as possibilities for change that might need to be applied throughout the company as a result of the foregoing In the instance of EasyJet, as a result of the foregoing, the following are the findings in this regard based upon the factors as identified in the PESTLE Analysis: EasyJet was formed on 18 October of 1995 by Stelios Haji-Ioannou specifically to enter the discount/no-fills airline segment. As a result its fleet, internal operations, administration, initial as well ongoing strategies have been directed at this market from the onset. The foregoing represents a distinct operational and organizational advantage in that the company is specifically matched to its industry segment. And while this is also true of some other entrants, such as RyanAir, full service airline entrants might suffer from parent company over views that might cloud the clarity of operations and thus their competitive effectiveness. The present company strategies, goals and expectations are a product of the strength as well as size of the competitive environment in which is presently operates within, as well as new entrants, mergers and development, maturation of the discount / no-frills market within itself as time progresses. EasyJet has pioneered one such inter industry diversion in its offerings to business and leisure passengers as well as its flights that include primary airport destinations. The preceding point to innovations that either EasyJet or others in the industry will make in the future would could include the addition of free soft drinks, Club memberships that offer varied in flight or destination services. Another example of EasyJet’s pioneering ideas is the removal of weight restriction limits on luggage that is within reason and the beginning of the EasyJethotels booking accommodation service. Five Forces Model Michael Porter’s Five Forces model (, 2006) used in the analysis of industries utilizes the following aspects to identify competitive aspects within an industry to aid the company to uncover as well as determine areas in which it can develop a competitive edge in some aspect or area(s) of the industry. Through the utilization of Porter’s Five Forces model (, 2006) management can thus formulate a better understanding of the context of said industry environment it operates within: Bargaining power of customers The growth rate projected for the discount airline segment to 125 million by 2010 reduces the bargaining power of customers in terms of the supply demand factor but the nature of the segment is based upon pricing and as such this represents customer bargaining power through a basic lack of loyalty based upon price shopping through Internet comparative web sites. Bargaining power of suppliers Suppliers in this instance are contracted in EasyJet’s operational mode for maintenance and large-scale services. The acquisition of planes is a competitive business on the part of airframe manufacturers thus providing the edge to the buyer side of the market. This aspect of Porter’s Five Forces does not have much leverage in terms of being able to affect operations to any appreciable degree. Threat of new entrants With 54 present operators in this segment and the projected increase of passengers in the European arena to 125 million from the current levels of 20 million by 2010, makes this aspect an extremely important consideration. EasyJet’s present dominance could be quickly put at risk through large mergers or acquisitions as a strategy, as well as direct competition in its business and leisure class segment. The lack of definitive customer loyalty makes all of the preceding possible, thus EasyJet’s entrà ©e into hotel bookings and destination services on its web site is a move to secure some aspect of loyalty on the part of its customers. It will need to look at and take additional steps in these directions as well due to the intense competition. Threat of substitute products or services The competitive aspect of the industry will bring forth expanded service offerings in the drive to secure broader customer profiles. This means that the addition of free soft drinks, snacks and other areas will be introduced, as well as free limited snack type meals on longer flights. Innovations will come in unexpected ways as competitors seek to make an impression on the market and thus the defensive as well as offensive position on the part of EasyJet will need to be one based upon quick response and implementation. Intensity of competitive rivalry As indicated, the 54 entrants in the discount/no-frill segment is a major competitive factor that exists presently and will increase in the future. And while the number of entrants might actually reduce, the level of competition will increase as result of the growth of some competitors as well as through mergers, alliances and acquisitions. The presence of full service carriers within this field is a major consideration as they already have structures in place whereby they can utilize economies of scale to aid in their discount segments and as a cross selling tool. Conclusion Dominance in any industry segment is both a blessing as well as a potential headache as it provides other firms with a clear target to aim for. Being number one or two in any market segment undoubtedly means that there will be firms attempting to erode your market share as a definitive part of their strategy. Not being able to determine who will attack, from what angle or when means that EasyJet has only one option, to attack all segments of the market it holds, as well as expand into other segments as well. It has been indicated that the best defense is a good offense, and in the case of the highly crowded and competitive discount / no-frills airline segment, this might represent the only measure to ensure long-term survival. History in other industries as well as airlines has shown that the faster route to expansion is through merger, acquisition and or alliances. The benefit is that an ongoing operation is picked up with in place operations, equipment, facilities, personnel and a market identification factor among consumers. The economies of scale as a result of size make this aspect an undoubted part of the discount segments future and is a primary methodology that will leap frog some competitors to the forefront. EasyJet must be mindful of these points as well as the new innovations in services, ticketing, destination offers, accommodation alliances, rental car associations . The additional benefits that alliances, mergers and acquisitions bring are joint marketing programs, revenue growth, increased market exposure, strengthened network, more feeder traffic and a comprehensive product that can attract customers. The bigger is better theme is not true for all industries, and then again it is a must in others. The discount segment will start to live on this concept due to competition in ensuing years and represents the direction carriers in this segment of the market will need to compete on price utilizing economies of scale as the leverage. Appendix PESTLE This analysis helps a company to formulate is strategies through a clearer understanding of the external environment they operate in presently as well as in the future and is investigated systematically. It is not concerned with the organization’s internal environment or strengths, that is a process reserved for such methodologies as Porter’s Five Forces Model. The implicati ons arising from the utilization of the PESTLE analysis in conjunction with Porter’s Five Forces provides a clear framework to evaluate the identification of goals and objectives that are in consort with the realities of the industry as well as competition. Porter’s Five Forces This model represents a concept that identifies the relationship between competitors in a particular industry as well as potential competitors, buyers, suppliers to provide alternative solutions facing a company. Bibliography AirlinesGate (2006) European Deregulation. AvantGo (2003) Consumer Travel Preferences Survey. Britt, Stacy, Romes, Lindsey, Ross, Allison, Santarelli, Margherita, Calamita, Lucia (2002) Analysis of Discount Airlines and the Effect on the Market for Incoming Evolavia. EasyJet PLC (2004) Annual Report 2004. 2005-01-24-AnnualReport.pdf#search=easyjet%20annual%20report%202004 EasyJet PLC (2000) Director’s report and consolidated financial statements. 30 September 2000. Edgaronline (2006) RyanAir Holdings PLC. (2006) Discount airlines in Europe. Renewal Associates (2004) PESTLE Analysis. Wikipedia (2006) Low-cost Carrier. (2006) Porter 5 forces analysis.

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Reflection About Self Reflection - 2036 Words

This is only the second class that I have taken since making the decision to return to college, and one in which I know has undoubtedly induced such a powerful personal impact, more so than any other curriculum I’ve studied. Reading the two books I was assigned required an enormous amount of self reflection and helped explain how certain occurrences shaped me into the person I am today, and taught me the necessary skills needed to elevate my understanding on the subject of biblical narrative, and how instrumental it is in developing my story. While both books discussed the topic of story, I appreciated how their different writing styles allowed me to gain a broader perspective on the subject in its totality. I took from Donald†¦show more content†¦I was able to incorporate the subject of second story and contemplate what has influenced my decision to leave the field of dental hygiene after 26 years and pursue a position in counseling. Although my career has provided a steady employment and income, my passion has steadily diminished over the years and I find that I am no longer able to ignore the longing I have to, in some capacity, help others work through difficult life altering experiences by drawing from my own life happenings. I’ve mentioned that I grew up with my father and grandfather both being ordained ministers, was raised in an environment that was defined by overwhelmingly strict religious boundaries, and have had extensive exposure to the Bible. In fact, when I was going through Lipscomb’s enrollment process, and was told of the Bible class requirements, I naively thought that there wasn’t much I didn’t already know or had been told, something I realize now could not have been more inaccurate. This class has given me so much valuable information, but a crucial element is the importance of approaching the Bible as a complete, big picture, linking the smaller stories within to God’s redemption and ult imate story for our life. My primary focus presently involves continuing to work through the painful parts of my past and remain steadfast in embracing God’s will for my developing spiritual growth. I unknowingly started to take specific steps to improve my story before I took this class, but now IShow MoreRelatedReflection About Self Reflection1343 Words   |  6 PagesSelf-Reflection I always thought of myself as a fairly talented writer. Throughout the years from elementary school to highschool I have always found it easy to write. With that in mind, I came into this class thinking that I was gonna float right through it and it would be easy. I never had though about how much more there was to learn and how much I could improve my writing. I have learned many valuable skills such as researching credible information, using critical thinking and rhetorical strategyRead MoreEssay about Self Reflection4184 Words   |  17 Pagesthe baby boomer generation, Greg defined that this generation is workaholic. They are work efficiently and crusading causes. Baby boomer is also personal fulfillment and desire quality of work. On the other hand, based on Greg, the generation X is self-reliance who wants structure and direction on works. They will eliminate the task and always skeptical others ability. However, the generation Y is tenacity at work and they are multitasking. Generation Y is goal oriented as they focus on what theyRead MoreReflection About Self Compassion1310 Words   |  6 PagesSelf Compassion and love are two things everyone needs to discover. When you discover the true concepts and apply them to your everyday life your outlook on life can be transformed. Using the concepts from the book â€Å"Self-Compassion† by Kristin Neff, I will discuss the idea of self-compassion and provide examples of my life experiences and strategies that I have used. Then I will use the concepts from the books â€Å"Lovability† by Robert Holden and â€Å"Whatever Arises Love That† by Matt Kahn to discuss theRead MoreReflection Paper About Self2161 Words   |  9 Pagesof the Sister to Sister class, the one that resonated with and still resonates with me the most would have to be the theme of self. This is simply because you cannot even begin to form a sense of community or delve into higher education successfully without a keen aware ness of self. This phenomenon is stated beautifully with, â€Å"an ongoing commitment to developing the self is paramount to the establishment of an identity that is centered and grounded† (King, T. C., Ferguson, S. A 2). The ongoingRead MoreSelf-Reflection Paper About Cbt and Act680 Words   |  3 PagesSelf-Reflection Paper about CBT and ACT The late 1960s through the 1990s represented a second generation of behavior therapy and it is called Cognitive Behavior Therapy. It is born from the view that the history of behavior therapy, in which cognitive factors assumed greater importance in both therapy and practice. The central idea is that psychological disorders involve dysfunctional thinking and modifying dysfunctional thinking is linked to improvement in symptoms. Since the 1990s, acceptance-basedRead MoreEssay about Self Reflection for Oral Presentation733 Words   |  3 PagesSelf Reflection for Oral Presentation Firstly, I would like to begin by saying that feedback was very mixed and gave some very differing opinions on the presentation as a whole. As an example, several reviewers stated that eye contact was poor throughout the presentation but several others contradict this. Again this is apparent with the clarity and volume of our speech. According to half the reviewers the presentation was too softly spoken and not clear with the other half praising our clarityRead MoreEssay about Self-Reflection: Writing Composition1410 Words   |  6 Pageswriting about to find the correct criteria. In my Advertisement Synthesis, titled â€Å"Toyota: Past vs. Present†, I wrote â€Å"In terms of aesthetic sensations, the target audience, and the overall message, Toyota’s 2014 Corolla ad contrasts from Toyota’s 1990 Corolla ad† (Tharwani 1). I had to conclude these differences through my observations. As a result, writing the criteria for a synthesis essay helped me improve m y critical thinking skills. Furthermore, synthesis allowed me to critically think about theRead MoreThe Activity Of Doing Action Research Among Iranian Teachers1540 Words   |  7 Pagesinterviewing with professional teachers, since reflection is an unfamiliar terminology among Iranian learners and teachers which has not been practically used yet. Thus, they can gain the best possible reflective and successful as well as practical and effective outcome. Teachers on the other hand have the responsibility of helping the students which could guide them to become better, autonomous learners through different procedures and ways of reflection. As the results which were investigated in advanceRead MoreReflection Of A Reflective Leadership Retreats1084 Words   |  5 Pages as well as application of the lessons to personal, professional, and spiritual settings. We experienced what Walters (2006) considered the essence of retreats, which is to â€Å"have conversations with each other abo ut things that are important†¦individually and collectively† (p. 22) Reflection on Retreat Experience Accustomed to a world inundated with technology, constant motion, and noise, spending a sustained period of time in nature initially produced feelings of isolation and withdrawal. The feelingsRead MoreReporting Studying senior social science subjects was the most influential factor which provided a1600 Words   |  7 Pages This concept highly resembles that of SCCT’s ‘self-efficacy’, a concept originally derived from Bandura’s theory (1989), which determines basic career and academic interests as well as further career choice (Lent, Brown Hackett, 1994). In my case, the successful achievement in the assignment had significantly influenced in developing a strong self-efficacy in the related activities, while positive outcome expectations were formed by the high self-efficacy and enjoyment of performing similar activities

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Microcredit The Solution to Global Poverty Essay

Over 1.4 billion people live on less than $1.25 per day (Singer 7). In impoverished nations, the life expectancy is below fifty, compared to the average of seventy-eight years in rich nations. The mortality rate of children is twenty times greater in â€Å"least developed† countries than in developed nations. Nearly 18 million people die every year from avoidable, poverty-related causes (UNICEF). On the other side of the spectrum, there were more than 1,100 billionaires in the world in 2007 (Singer 9). According to Singer, â€Å"[t]here are about a billion [people] living at a level of affluence never previously known except in the courts of kings and nobles† (9). Peter Singer insists in his book, The Life You Can Save: Acting Now to End World†¦show more content†¦An old Chinese proverb states: â€Å"Give a man a fish and you feed him for a day. Teach a man to fish and you feed him for a lifetime.† This wise saying applies to the act of giving aid to imp overished countries as well, as is currently demonstrated in many underdeveloped nations around the world, including Somalia: â€Å"Somalians need food and water right now, but what they need in the long term is the same as the rest of us: functioning market economies based on democracy and the rule of law, where they have trade and industry rather than tents and food parcels. Oxfam Ireland will never understand that, because they come from a background which takes the efficacy of aid as a given, rather than merely one of a number of options† (O’Hanlon). In addition, statistics show that nations that have received foreign monetary aid develop slower than those that have not, specifically because of a type of foreign aid called tied aid. Tied aid refers to aid that must be expended on exorbitantly priced products and services from the donor country (â€Å"How Aid Works (Or Doesn’t)†). According to Reality of Aid, foreign aid has failed to deliver real progress for the bulk of the poor. World Bank data reveals that, â€Å"the proportion of donor aid considered to be tied to purchases in the donors country is 58% while the proportion of aid tied to purchases is 32%.† African Business cites Frans Lammerson, an aid specialist with the OECD, who claims that [t]he mainShow MoreRelated Microcredit1734 Words   |  7 PagesMicrocredit can be defined as small loans, or microloans, for people around the world in extreme poverty to help spur entrepreneurship. The issue of microcredit is extremely important in the world†™s economy. Poverty alleviation and economic development are the primary goals of microcredit programs, that is why they began in the developing countries of Asia and Latin America, economist Muhammad Yunus and his Grameen Bank in Bangladesh are credited of pioneering this financial innovation (Smith, ThurmanRead MoreMicrocredit and Social Business1873 Words   |  8 PagesFrom Microcredit to Social Business: Towards Making Poverty History Innovative ideas are not standstill, when ideas works they create attraction and developed gradually that microcredit did. In the process of advancement, idea continue to change, newer ideas emerge, sometimes it may outdo the original ideas and very different from the expectations (Mulgan, 2006, p. 154). In the course of time, Grameen Bank own by the ‘poorest of the poor’ who are mostly women becomes a giant that now has 31 differentRead MoreThe Model Of Microcredit Lending2186 Words   |  9 PagesWhile the spread of microcredit as a development practice has enabled borrowers in many developing countries to access credit, not all experiences with microcredit have been positive. The original model of microcredit lending was not effective in alleviating poverty. To remedy this, an â€Å"improved† lending model was introduced; however, this model, too, has failed the impoverished citizens of the developing world because of its exclusivity. Traditional microcredit l oaning systems require some formRead MoreImpact of Microfinance Upon Developing Countries2315 Words   |  10 PagesQuestion: â€Å"Microfinance appears to offer a ‘win-win’ solution, where both financial institutions and poor clients profit† (Morduch, 1999). Critically assess this statement with reference to the empirical literature. Introduction Microfinance has achieved growing significance as a tool for poverty alleviation with the year 2005 marked as the United Nations International Year of Microcredit. Over the years, the world has witnessed a remarkable growth in the number of institutions offering microfinanceRead MoreHuman Trafficking And Development : The Role Of Microfinance2057 Words   |  9 Pageswas well written, clear and relevant. Article summary The purpose of this article is to consider the third most profitable and organized crime after drugs and arm trade – Human Trafficking, and Microfinance as a panacea to the end of this growing global problem. According to the article, the Trafficking in persons is one of the most difficult problems related to security. Human trafficking is a modern form of slavery, which is followed by the most cruel human rights violations. As a result, theRead MoreI Am Choosing The George Washington University ( Gwu )752 Words   |  4 Pagesits transformation. I grew up in Peru, where access to microcredit for poor entrepreneurs with brilliant business ideas is scarce. I spent two years in South Africa, where starting a business consists of waiting over 200 days to get electricity set up. Working on Panama, I have seen locals fight for jobs in a Canal condemned by international contractors. With lack of opportunities and inadequate resources, people are unable to escape poverty. As our world becomes increasingly interconnected, I believeRead MoreNgos Are The Best Hope For The Poorest People2044 Words   |  9 Pagesare the sources of the NGOs funding. NGOs are the best hope for the poorest people in the world since poverty is a global disaster and with their support, it is a stepping stone for the affected nations to eradicate poverty (Sandhya, 2). For the attainment of international goals, reduction of poverty is vital. The philosophy that underlies poverty alleviation programs is to handle matters of poverty in rural areas by endowing the poorest people in the world with training and productive assets to raiseRead MoreRelationship Between Corporate And Corporate Social Responsibility3534 Words   |  15 Pagesdevelopment of business just mentioned, the fact is that social engagement can also be a source of attractive business opportunities. Prahalad and Hammond (200 2) focused their interest in the world s poorest people regions and with fewer resources. The solution for many of their problems can only be achieved through direct and sustained involvement of multinational companies, which can enhance their own prosperity in this process. The world population has exceeded 6,500 million people (United Nations,Read MoreEarly Life and Education4970 Words   |  20 PagesWar, Yunus returned to Bangladesh and was appointed to the governments Planning Commission headed by Nurul Islam. He found the job boring and resigned to join Chittagong University as head of the Economics department.[15] He became involved with poverty reduction after observing the famine of 1974, and established a rural economic program as a research project. In 1975, he developed a Nabajug (New Era) Tebhaga Khamar (three share farm) which the government adopted as the Packaged Input ProgrammeRead MoreBuilding Social Business8301 Words   |  34 INTRODUCTION Social business, as the term had once been commonly used, was first defined by Nobel Peace Prize laureate Prof. Muhammad Yunus and is described in his books Creating a world without poverty—Social Business and the future of capitalism and Building Social Business—The new kind of capitalism that serves humanitys most pressing needs. In these books, Yunus defined a Social Business a business: * Created and designed to address a social

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Punk Essay Example For Students

Punk Essay Punk is a term applied to a child or teenager who acts in an antisocial way. Punk music is a form of rebellion, and it turned against all other musical forms and influences at its time of creation. Punk music is as much cultural as it is musical. It is anarchic, against society, and against everything in established order. Patrick Goldsteins article, Violence Sneaks into Punk Scene, is about one mans observation of the experiences with violenceand aggressive nature of youths rebellion. In the authors opinion, The accounts of senseless violence, vandalism, and even mutilation at some area rock clubs read like a report from a war zone. Throughout Goldsteins article, Freudian theory can be utilized to explain the aggressive nature of the punk movement and youths involved in it. There are many different theories as to human nature. One of these theories exists under the thoughts of a prominent philosopher, and founder of Psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud. His deductive argument entails his conclusion that man is bad, or as Freud explains it in his book, Civilization and Its Discontents, Homo homini lupus. This phrase literally means man is a wolf to man. Freud felt all men are innately evil and his aggression lies within him as part of human nature. Freud felt aggression can be hidden deep in our subconscious and explode in certain situations. In Goldsteins article, there are many examples to show Freuds opinion to be true. As one punk rocker stated, Its no wonder there are so many fights . . . these idiots kept punching us in the back. Finally I got fed up and started hitting these guys, even though they were bigger than me. Another was quoted as saying, All they want to do is fight. And next time Im going to be ready to give em one. When we have provoked someone with any form of aggression or violence, the first reaction, even if it is not considered normal for their particular behavior, is to show aggression in return. Aggression does not have to be subconscious in nature. It can be on the surface of our behavior and in constant use. Our inclination to aggression is apparent in ones relationship with their neighbors and apparent in what they see as every day, casual behavior. One manager of a club remembered a situation dealing with two young women from a local punk band. While one was talking to me, the other went into the girls room and broke a bunch of beer bottles in the sink and ran her hands through the glass. Then she came out to talk to me, blood steaming down her arms. Others reported situations where several girls would carve Xs into their arms with broken glass in support for a local band. Self mutilation in a show of aggressive behavior can come with positive outcomes and continues to reaffirm violence and aggression. Freud also believed aggression is another human instinct that brings us joy and happiness. However, civilization refuses any acts of violence, it oppresses this need of aggression deep in our consciousness. The first thing we do when no one is watching is anything civilization refuses to allow us to do. Goldstein, in his article, describes the dance craze called the Slam. He believes it is, an organized gang of punk youths, leading to numerous incidents of violence at many area clubs. On the contrary, a member of an area band the Germs who would be considered a participant observer feels, If theyre doing that (Slam), then Iknow they are having fun. Freuds opinion of releasing aggression, bringing about happiness and going about it by defying civilization and cultural opinion, is the underlying reason for the punk movement. .u55cebc0f86ff9bae9ce019677ffb10fe , .u55cebc0f86ff9bae9ce019677ffb10fe .postImageUrl , .u55cebc0f86ff9bae9ce019677ffb10fe .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u55cebc0f86ff9bae9ce019677ffb10fe , .u55cebc0f86ff9bae9ce019677ffb10fe:hover , .u55cebc0f86ff9bae9ce019677ffb10fe:visited , .u55cebc0f86ff9bae9ce019677ffb10fe:active { border:0!important; } .u55cebc0f86ff9bae9ce019677ffb10fe .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u55cebc0f86ff9bae9ce019677ffb10fe { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u55cebc0f86ff9bae9ce019677ffb10fe:active , .u55cebc0f86ff9bae9ce019677ffb10fe:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u55cebc0f86ff9bae9ce019677ffb10fe .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u55cebc0f86ff9bae9ce019677ffb10fe .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u55cebc0f86ff9bae9ce019677ffb10fe .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u55cebc0f86ff9bae9ce019677ffb10fe .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u55cebc0f86ff9bae9ce019677ffb10fe:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u55cebc0f86ff9bae9ce019677ffb10fe .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u55cebc0f86ff9bae9ce019677ffb10fe .u55cebc0f86ff9bae9ce019677ffb10fe-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u55cebc0f86ff9bae9ce019677ffb10fe:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Gay Marriage EssayAs seen through the classic examples of aggressive behavior in Goldsteins article, Freuds argument comprises factually correct statements, for both his time and the punk movement. His arguments conclusion is well supported and his premises meet the conditions of a deductive argument with relevance and ground. This means that wherever we come from, whatever our culture is, we are aggressive by nature. From that sense, civilization steps in with a beneficial purpose, as it tames the human nature. However, civilization creates human source of worry and distress, and oppresses our basic human instinct.